Difference between html and css LEARNOVITA

Know the Difference between HTML vs CSS Tutorial | Complete Guide [STEP-IN]

Last updated on 12th Aug 2022, Blog, Tutorials

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Yeshwant singh (Html Developer )

Yeshwant Singh is an Html Developer with 6+ years of experience in a reputed company. He has expertise in HTML and CSS, PHP and MySQL, Javascript, and Node JS. He spends most of his time researching technology and startups.

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Difference between html and CSS:

HTML:

  • HTML is an acronym of “Hyper Text Markup Language,” which is used for generating web pages and web applications.
  • It is easy to use and has loose syntax.
  • It is nearly established on each website and supported by each browser
  • Coding is simple to learn.
  • It is free to use and doesn’t need any license.
  • HyperText simply means “Text within Text.”
  • A text has a link within it, is hypertext.
  • Whenever you click on a link that brings us to a new web page, click on a hypertext.
  • HyperText is a way to link two or more web pages (HTML documents) with each other.
  • A markup language is a computer language that is used to apply layout and also formatting conventions to a text document.
  • Markup language made the text more interactive and dynamic.
  • It can turn text into images, tables, links, etc.
what is HTML

Example:

  • HTML tags are fundamentally keywords (tag names) which are enclosed in angle brackets and usually come in pairs.
  • <"tagname"> content <"/tagname">
  • HTML elements explain a specific section on a webpage.
  • Content is the texts, links, images, or other data displayed on the webpage.
  • Start tag is an HTML element used to indicate the start of the element.
  • End tag closes the HTML element to differentiate single elements.

CSS:

  • CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.
  • It is a style sheet language that explains the look and document’s formatting written in the markup language.
  • It helps us to add a new look to the old HTML documents.
  • By making some editing in the CSS code, simply change the look of the website.
  • It offers an additional feature to HTML.
  • CSS reduces the work by controlling the layout of multiple web pages.
  • CSS is simple to maintain and has good community support.
  • It is commonly used with HTML to change the style of web pages and user interfaces.
  • It can also be used with any type of XML documents, including plain XML, SVG, and XUL.
  • CSS is used along with the HTML and JavaScript in most websites to make user interfaces for web applications and user interfaces for many mobile applications.
  • Both HTML and CSS are client-side web scripting languages that are used for generating web pages.
  • There are more ways that create the variety between HTML and CSS, like the implementing methods, their syntactical structure, ease of use, and the features like attributes.
over view of css

Example:

  • CSS declarations rest within curly brackets, and each consist of 2 parts: property and its value, separated by a colon.
  • Can explain numerous properties in one declaration, each separated by a semi-colon.
  • Selectors denote which HTML element you want to style.
  • Declaration includes property and value separated by the colon.
  • Additionally, curly braces enclosing all the declarations is known as Declaration block.
  • Properties signify the aspects of an element that need to change.
  • Values specify the settings needed to apply in the chosen properties.

The difference between the HTML and CSS are tabulated below :

    On the basis ofHTMLCSS
    Definition HTML is a markup language that explains the structure of web pages. It is the stylesheet language used to explain the presentation and design of web pages, including colors, layouts, and others.
    Dependency Cannot use the structure format and HTML syntax in the CSS style sheets. It is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language.
    Implementation It is used for web page structure and content. It is majorly for design and presentation.
    Architecture HTML uses tags that are surrounding the content of any web page element. It consists of selectors that are declared by using block statement syntax.
    Approach Use it majorly to develop the basic content of a web page. Mainly it is used for the page style formats, designing of a web, layouts, and many more.
    Support HTML has a lot of community support that helps to utilize various web page structure approaches. It also has more community support and a huge backup for continuous improvements in the web designing.

The other common differences between HTML and CSS are given as follows:

  • HTML is simple to learn with a clear syntax, whereas the CSS sometimes create complications in code and get messy.
  • HTML files can contain the CSS code, but it is not the same with CSS because CSS can never contain HTML codes.
  • HTML uses tags, whereas a CSS uses selectors.
  • HTML is used to create web pages, whereas the CSS controls the layout and styling of the web pages.

Features of HTML:

Features of HTML

Considering it is one of the easiest languages to design and code a website, the language is not case-sensitive.

Example:

  • <"html"> and <"HTML"> are both acceptable
  • For purposes of maintaining the language usable on any platform, HTML is not denoted to any one operating system like Android OS or the iOS; instead HTML can run on nearly all OS.
  • A Tree-structure is the basic aspect of the HTML.
  • This allows a root HTML tag to continue as an element, while child elements which are added at any point of the structure as head and the body tags.
  • HTML tags shall carry display data that can be used in Firefox, Chrome or any type of browsers
  • Very useful for adding images, and hyper images, videos as well as the other web pages so as to render them user friendly.

Features of CSS:

CSS is critical for website design as it helps to separate the design from the content.This helps to improve readability, flexibility in programming and accessibility.CSS files are integrated in the HTML documents thus:

Internal CSS – Is used as a style tag within a head tag.The advantage of this is an ability to style three or four elements

External CSS- Is used to add external CSS file by using the <"link">tag and will be positioned in a head tag of HTML file

Inline CSS – Can be counted as a better method to use as it explain properties for a single tag like style an attribute within any tagOne can use multiple selectors to an access each element/group

Example: ID Selector(#), universal selector (*)Styling is explained as key value pairs, and is used to explain the font-size for H1 in 24px, or default 32px.

Advantages and Disadvantages of HTML:

advantages:

  • Simple to learn and code.
  • Encourage several languages.
  • It is platform-independent because it can be displayed on any of the platforms such as Linux, Windows, Macintosh, etc.
  • HTML is not a case-sensitive language, can use tags either in lower-case or in the upper-case, but it is recommended to write all the tags in lower-case for consistency and readability.
  • More community support.
  • It is free to use and doesn’t need any license.

Disadvantages:

  • HTML has limited security features.
  • It has slow technical progress.
  • HTML is static, so it cannot generate dynamic output.

Advantages and Disadvantages of CSS:

Advantages:

  • It increases the speed of the website, and pages take less time to load properly.
  • It is compatible with multiple devices.
  • It also has good community support.
  • Esimple to maintain.
  • It offers more attributes.
  • It encourages offline browsing.

Disadvantages:

  • Sometimes CSS can be messy and can make complications in code.
  • In CSS, there is no interaction with the databases.
  • It lacks security considerations.
  • CSS has cross-browser problems,
  • It has multiple levels such as CSS1, CSS2, CSS3, that are sometimes confusing for beginners.

Key Differences Between HTML and CSS:

  • HTML is the basic markup language which explained the content and structure of the web pages.
  • On the other hand, CSS is the extension to the HTML which changes the design and display of the web pages.
  • HTML file can contain CSS code whilea CSS stylesheets can never contain the HTML code in it.
  • HTML comprises tags surrounding content.
  • Whereas CSS comprised the selectors succeeded by the declaration block.
  • Can use CSS without HTML A definitely write CSS without HTML but there’s no point in providing styling to non-existing elements.
  • CSS is useless without HTML.
  • In fact, write CSS specifically for HTML (or for other markup languages) documents to offer the style and layout.
  • And make the website look awesome.

Conclusion:

HTML and CSS are used for ease of generation of desirable web documents.After comparing the HTML vs CSS over various factors, it can be concluded that both the language is important for creating attractive web pages.Whether looking to break into the exciting industry of web development or novice looking to advance to a career.This is the best time to take the next step to toward reaching a goal.Simplilearn’s Postgraduate Program in Full Stack Development is a great way to expand a skillset.The postgraduate program, designed in collaboration with the Caltech CTME, can help to fast-track the software development career.

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