Html vs html5 difference LEARNOVITA

HTML vs HTML5 Tutorial | Know the Difference

Last updated on 12th Aug 2022, Blog, Tutorials

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Yeshwant singh (Html Developer )

Yeshwant Singh is an Html Developer with 6+ years of experience in a reputed company. He has expertise in HTML and CSS, PHP and MySQL, Javascript, and Node JS. He spends most of his time researching technology and startups.

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What is HTML?

The language of the World Wide Web is HTML.It is the standard text formatting language used for generating and displaying pages on the Web.

HTML files are consist of 2 things:

1) the content and

2) the tags that format it for the proper display on pages.

It can be used by the technologie:

i. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

ii. scripting languages like JavaScript.

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language in its entire form.The first version of an HTML markup is also referred to as HTML v1.0.

What is HTML

What is HTML5?

HTML5 is the 5th version of HTML version 1.0 with support for many tags and features.Technically it’s termed as HTML version 5.0, but colloquially it is called HTML5.The latest version of Browsers such as:

  • Safari,
  • Opera,
  • Chrome,
  • Firefox

Supports almost all features of HTML5.A web developer can use HTML5 for developing the photo sites, web forums, and advanced mapping applications.The Full form of HTML5 is a Hypertext Markup Language 5.

What is HTML5

Difference between HTML vs HTML5:

Follow is the key difference between HTML and HTML5:

    HTMLHTML5
    HTML Doctype declaration is lengthy. DOCTYPE declaration in HTML5 is so simple.
    HTML Character encoding is much longer. HTML5 Character encoding declaration is so simple.
    Audio and video are not in HTML parts. Audio and video are in the HTML5 part.
    It is possible to draw a vector with the help of other technologies like Silverlight, Flash, VML, etc. Vector graphics are a part of the HTML5, e.g., canvas, SVG.
    It is impossible to get an actual Geolocation of a person browsing any website. JS Geolocation API in HTML5 enables that to identify the location of the user browsing any website.
    HTML provides local storage instead of cookies. Html5 uses cookies to save data.
    In HTML, it is not possible to draw basic shapes. In Html5, it is possible to draw basic shapes.
    It allows you to run JavaScript in the browser. It enables that to run JavaScript code in the background.
    can use HTML with all the old browsers. can use HTML5 with all the new browsers.
    You can use browser cache as temporary storage. can use application (database and web storage) Cache as temporary storage.
    Web Socket is not available. can establish full-duplex communication channels with the server using Web Sockets.
    There is no process to handle the structurally incorrect HTML codes. HTML5 supports persistent error handling by the improvised error handling process.
    HTML is less mobile-friendly. HTML5 is mobile friendly.
    Attributes such as async, charset, and ping are not present in HTML. Attributes of async, ping, charset, and are a part of the HTML5.
    HTML does not allow a drag and drop effects HTML5 allows drag and drop effects.
    Offer new attributes like tabindex, id, tabindex, etc. These are certain attributes which are applied to the HTML 5 elements.

Features of HTML:

  • It is a Platform independent language.
  • It is not a case sensitive language.
  • Can control colors, fonts, as well as positioning by using Cascading Style Sheets.
  • can build tables.
  • Enhance the presentation of the page using the HTML element.
  • Enables to develop a web page using tags.
  • Use graphics and also display text in different fonts, sizes, and colors.
  • It helps to create hyperlinks to navigate to different documents which are present on the web.
  • Display data in the tabular format.
  • Create more than one window in a web page to display data from multiple sources in various windows.

Features of HTML5:

  • It supports a local storage
  • HTML5 has New content related to elements, like, <"header">, <"footer">, <"article">, <"section">, <"nav">, etc.
  • It offers new form controls, such as date, calendar, time, URL, email, and search.
  • The <"canvas"> element for drawing the 2D diagram
  • Support for CSS3, the newer and also version of CSS.
  • Provides media support.
  • Figure elements can be combined with the elements to simply associate a caption with the other image elements.
  • Can save large amounts of data locally without affecting site performance.
  • HTML is capable of handling incorrect syntax.

Advantages of HTMLpros/ benefits of HTML:

  • Simple n to use for web pages development
  • Effortlessly create the web document
  • It helps to navigate within the web pages and between the websites that are located on various servers.
  • In HTML, can set queries to use the images that are responsive in nature.
  • Users cannot save the browser data that persists across sessions.
  • Once data is saved in the browser, the developer can think further to make the application work.

Advantages of HTML5pros/ benefits of HTML5:

Benefits of HTML5
  • It has capabilities like a high set of new APIs regarding file system, client-side storage, event handling, and more.
  • Simple to create a new interactive website.
  • Because HTML5 takes a pragmatic approach, it can effortlessly fix real-world problems.
  • It has a simplified Doctype and character set.
  • HTML5 offers elements like <"details">, <"dialog">, <"mark">, and more.
  • It has increased web forms with a new attribute for <"input"> tag.
  • HTML5 gives a persistent local storage in order to achieve this without resorting to any third-party plugins.
  • It has a WebSocket.
  • which is a next-generation communication technology for developing web applications.
  • HTML5 introduced an event which is called Server-Sent Events (SSE).
  • It has a simplified markup
  • Support for two-dimensional drawing of the surface which can program with JavaScript.
  • HTML5 enables you to create your own vocabulary.
  • Can create his own custom semantics.
  • Drag and drop the items from one place to another place in the same webpage.
  • Supports numerous videos.
  • HTML5 has enhanced a web application experience with APIs like visibility, media capture, fullscreen, etc.

Disadvantages of HTML:

  • the cons/ drawback of HTML
  • HTML does not help to make dynamic pages.
  • It can make only plain pages.
  • May need to write a lengthy code for making an easy webpage.
  • Security features are not good in the HTML.
  • It takes time to develop anything that even resembles a webpage.
  • HTML is not flexible like the other webpage developing software like Dreamweaver.
  • It is not following a centralized approach.
  • Need to change the web pages separately.

Disadvantages of HTML5:

  • cons/ drawback of HTML5
  • It needs modern browsers to access it.
  • There are problems related to media licensing.
  • Multiple device responsiveness can be the headache.
  • The HTML5 language is still a work in progress.
  • Gaming struggles with JavaScript and HTML5.
  • There are no good HTML5 IDEs on the market.

Key Difference Between HTML and HTML5:

Below is the more important Difference between HTML vs HTML5:

  • In HTML, video and audio are not to be supported.
  • whereas in HTML5, video and audio are integrated into it.
  • HTML is compatible with almost all browsers.
  • Whereas HTML5 is supported by most modern browsers like Firefox, Mozilla, Chrome, etc.
  • JavaScript and the browser interface operate concurrently in HTML.
  • Whereas in HTML5, JavaScript can run in the background with the help of a web worker, an API can run in various threads.
  • In HTML, vector graphics are supported with the help of the other tools such as Silver light, Flash, etc.,
  • Whereas in a HTML5, vector graphics are supported by a default; it has canvas and SVG inbuilt.
  • In HTML5 applet tag was removed, which is used for the displaying applets, and an object tag was introduced.
  • Whereas , in a HTML, the applet tag is being used.
  • In HTML, <"a"> tag was used as an anchor to refer to the link.
  • Whereas in a HTML5, <"a"> tag is used as a hyperlink only.
  • In HTML, the <"acronym"> tag was used for the displaying abbreviation.
  • Whereas in a HTML5, this tag is replaced by a <"abbr"> tag, which will be used for the same purpose.
  • HTML is unable to handle an inaccurate syntax and other errors,
  • Whereas a HTML5 is capable of handling errors.
  • In HTML5, <"table"> tag can have only a one attribute border, and the value needs to be zero or one,
  • Whereas a , in HTML, can have many attributes.
  • In HTML, communication between the client and server will happen using streaming and long pooling as it doesn’t have support for sockets.
  • Whereas a HTML5 has support for web sockets through which full-duplex communication is possible between client and server.

Can learn HTML5 without knowing HTML: Yes, canvas HTML5 is just an upgraded version of the HTML .so the concepts that will be learned in HTML5 are almost the same as HTML.

Is HTML5 easy to learn: HTML is one of the simplest languages to learn to develop web pages because of its simpler syntax and once you start to learn it will realize that there are no difficult concepts to figure out.

Is HTML a decent place to start?: Learning HTML is similar to learning HTML5.It simply doesn’t matter if you start with HTML or HTML5, as HTML5 is the most recent version of HTML and has more functionality.

Conclusion:

In simple terms, HTML is a hypertext markup language that is used to made web pages and websites (combination of web pages)which was introduced in 1993 by Tim Berners-Lee .whereas HTML5 is also a hypertext markup language but it is a upgraded and the latest version of HTML an introduced in a 2008 with some additional features are support for the audio and video with the help of their specified tags and many more functionalities like enabling drag and drop feature, running javascript in background.Overall, both HTML and HTML5 are the markup languages.HTML5 easily has some added features since it is an upgraded version.

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