Microservices vs soa LEARNOVITA

Microservices vs SOA | Know Their Differences and Which Should You Learn?

Last updated on 03rd Nov 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Yokeshwaran (Sr Software Engineer )

Yokeshwaran is a Sr Software Engineer and his passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including prometheus, Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies.

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    • In this article you will get
    • 1.What is service-oriented architecture (SOA)?
    • 2.What are the Microservices?
    • 3.Difference Between SOA and Microservices
    • 4.Features of SOA
    • 5.Features of Micro-services
    • 6.Advantages of SOA
    • 7.Advantage of Micro-services
    • 8.Disadvantages of SOA
    • 9.Disadvantages of Micro-services
    • 10.Conclusion

What is service-oriented architecture (SOA)?

SOA is the architectural pattern in computer software design. In this type of an application, components offer services to other components by a communications protocol, typically over network. The principles of a service-orientation are independent of any product, vendor, or technology. A full form of SOA is service-oriented architecture.SOA makes it simpler for software components over different arious networks to work with the each other.Web services that are built as per SOA architecture tend to make a web services much independent.

Service-oriented architecture

What are the Microservices?

Microservices is the service-oriented architecture pattern wherein applications are built as the collection of different smallest independent service units. It is the software engineering approach that focuses on a decomposing an application into a single-function modules with well-defined interfaces.

These modules can be independently deployed and also operated by a small teams that own the entire lifecycle of service. The term “micro” refers to a sizing of a microservice which must be manageable by the single development team In this methodology, big applications are divided into smallest independent units.

Difference Between the SOA and Microservices

    SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture)Microservices
    SOA model has single data storage layer which shared by all of services in that application. Microservices apps are mostly dedicate a database or the other type of storage to services that need it.
    Communication between the various services in an SOA app uses simple and a straight forward approaches. Microservices use a complex APIs.
    Focused on a maximizes application service reusability. More focused on a decoupling.
    A systematic change needs modifying the monolith. A systematic change helps to create new service.
    DevOps and Continuous Delivery are becoming famous but yet not become a mainstream. Strong emphasis on a DevOps and Continuous Delivery.
    Monolithic in a nature. A Full-stack in nature.
    Supports a multiple message protocols. Uses a lightweight protocols are like HTTP, REST, or Thrift APIs.
    It is designed to share the resources across services. It is designed to a host services that can function independently.
    Frequently involved component sharing. Typically, it does not include the component sharing.
    Involves sharing a data storage between services. Every service can have independent data storage.
    Better for a large scale integrations. Better for a small and web-based applications.
    Communicates through the ESB. Communicate through the API layer.
    Relies on a sharing resources. Relies on a bounded context for coupling.
    Less flexibility in a deployment. Quick and simple deployment.
    The technology stack of a SOA is lower compared to the Microservice. Microservice technology stack could be more large.
    Business units are be dependent. Business units are be independent of each other.
    An SOA app comprised of the two or three services. A Microservices app could have a dozens of services.
    SOA applications are built to perform a numerous business tasks. They are built to perform the single business task.
    Deployment is the time- consuming process. Deployment is a straightforward and less time-consuming.
    Business logic components are saved inside of single service domain simple wire a protocols(HTTP with XML JSON) API is a driven with SDKs/Clients. Business logic can live the across domains enterprise service bus are separate layers between services.
    A Uses enterprise service bus (ESB) for the communication. It uses a less elaborate and also straightforward messaging system.
    Software size is bigger than any conventional software. The size of a Software is small in Microservices.
    Multi-threaded with the multiple overheads to handle I/O. A Single-threaded mostly used with Event Loop features for a non-locking I/O handling.
    A systematic change needed for a modifying monolith. In a Microservices, systematic change is to create new service.
    Focus on a maximizing application service reusability. Emphasis on a decoupling.
    Common governance and also standards. Relaxed governance, as is more focused on a people’s collaboration and freedom of choice.
    The deployment process is a time- consuming. Deployment is simple and less time-consuming.
    A Less scalable architecture. A Highly scalable architecture.

Features of a SOA

  • SOA uses an interfaces that solve a complex integration problems in a large systems.
  • SOA communicates with the customers, providers, and suppliers by using a XML schema.
  • SOA uses a message monitoring to improve performance measurement and detects security attacks.
  • As it reuses a service, so the cost is slightly lower for a software development and management.

Features of a Micro-services

  • In Microservices modules are loosely coupled.
  • Management of a project, can also be modularized.
  • Cost of a scalability is meager.
  • It’s very simple to use multiple technologies as a multiple features in an application.
  • It is ideal service for an evolutionary systems where can’t anticipate the types of devices which may one day be accessing application.
Features of a Micro-services

Advantages of SOA

  • Editing and updating any service is simple .
  • Services have a same directory structure, which allows the consumers to access the service data from a same directory every time.
  • Services communicate with other applications using a common language which means it is be independent of a platform
  • Services are usually small size as a compared to full-fledged application. Therefore, it is simpler to debug and test the independent services.
  • SOA allows reusing a service of an existing system, alternately building new system.
  • It provides to plug in new services or to upgrade existing facilities to place a new business requirements.
  • Can enhance performance, functionality of a service, and simply makes a system upgrade.
  • SOA can adjust or modify a different external environments.
  • The companies can develop the applications without replacing existing applications.
  • It offers reliable applications in which can test and debug the independent services as compared to large number of code.

Advantage of a Micro-services

  • Simpler architecture pattern which is simple to understand for developers.
  • The IDE is faster making developers faster and also productive.
  • The web container starts a faster; this helps to speed up a process of deployments and developments.
  • It allows team to develop, deploy, and scale their service independently of all of other teams.

Disadvantages of SOA

  • All inputs should be validated before it is sent to a service.
  • SOA is costly service in terms of a human resources, development, and technology.
  • Some web service needs to send and receive messages and information frequently, so it reaches the million requests per day easily.
  • SOA needs more investment cost.
  • There is bigger overhead when service interacts with the another service this will increases a response time SOA service is not a suitable for GUI applications that so it will become much complicated when SOA needs heavy data exchange.

Disadvantages of Micro-services

  • It is developed for a building monolithic applications, so it doesn’t provide an explicit support for developing distributed applications.
  • Testing is much difficult.
  • Developers must implement an inter-service communication mechanism.
  • Implementing use cases that span a multiple services needs coordination between the teams.
  • Microservice is a costly, as always need to maintain different server space for a different business tasks.


SOA is the ideal architecture method for big and complex business applications. It is most suited for environments that need an integration with many diverse applications.However, workflow-based on applications that have a well-defined processing flow are challenging to the implement with help of SOA architecture patterns. Therefore small applications are also not ideal for a SOA as they don’t need middleware messaging components. On other hand, the microservice pattern is well suited for a smaller and also well partitioned web-based systems.

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