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Supervised Learning Workflow and Algorithms | A Definitive Guide with Best Practices [ OverView ]

Last updated on 05th Nov 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Priyanka (Artificial intelligence security specialist )

Priyanka is an Artificial Intelligence Security Specialist with 7+ years of strong experience in using emerging technologies, such as machine learning (ML) and neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) and experience in C# and VB.NET to edit recordings or create custom tests.

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    • In this article you will learn:
    • 1.Defining Supervised Learning.
    • 2.When do use a Supervised Learning?
    • 3.Types of a Supervised Learning.
    • 4.When to use these techniques?
    • 5.Advantages and Disadvantages of Supervised Learning.
    • 6.Credit Card Fraud Detection.
    • 7.Conclusion.

Defining Supervised Learning:

As a name suggests, the Supervised Learning definition in a Machine Learning is like having a supervisor while machine learns to carry out tasks. In a process, basically train a machine with some data that is already labelled correctly. Post this some new sets of a data are given to the machine expecting it to generate a correct outcome based on its previous analysis of labelled data.

When do use a Supervised Learning?

  • Supervised learning develops a predictive models to come up with the reasonable predictions as a response to newly fed data. Hence this technique is used if have enough known data (labeled data) for an outcome are trying to predict. In supervised learning an algorithm is designed to map a function from an input to the output.
  • y = f(x)[1].
  • Here, x and y are input and output variables, are respectively.
  • The goal here is to propose the mapping function so precise that it is capable of a predicting the output variable accurately when put in the input variable.

Types of a Supervised Learning:

There are two types of a supervised learning techniques, classification and regression. These are two vastly various methods. But how do identify which one to use and when? Let’s get into that a now:

Supervised Learning

Classification Technique:

  • Supervised Learning classification is used to identify a labels or groups. This technique is used when an input data can be segregated into categories or can be a tagged. If have an algorithm that is supposed to a label ‘male’ or ‘female,’ ‘cats’ or ‘dogs,’ etc and can use the classification technique. Here, finite sets are be distinguished into a discrete labels.
  • A practical example of a classification technique would be a categorization of a set of financial transactions as a fraudulent or non-fraudulent. Some of the general applications built around this technique are be recommendations, speech recognition, medical imaging etc.

Classification is again categorized into the three:

Binary classification: The input variables are be segregated into the two groups.

Multiclass/Multinomial classification: The input variables are be classified into the three or more groups.

Multilabel classification: Multiclass is a generalized as multilabel.

Regression Technique:

The regression technique predicts a continuous or real variables. For instance, here, a categories could be ‘height’ or ‘weight.’ This technique finds its application in a algorithmic trading, electricity load forecasting and more. A general application that uses a regression technique is time series prediction. A single output is a predicted using a trained data.

When to use these techniques?

  • On either side of a line are two various classes. The line can distinguish between these classes that are represent various things. Here use the classification method.
  • Whereas a regression is used to predict a responses of continuous variables like a stock price house pricings etc.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Supervised Learning:


  • In a supervised learning, can be a specific about classes used in a training data. That is classifiers can be a given proper training to help distinguish themselves from the other class definitions and explain a perfect decision boundaries.
  • Get a clear picture of an every class explained .
  • The decision boundary can be set as a mathematical formula for classifying a future inputs. Hence it is not need to keep training the samples in a memory.
  • Have a complete control over choosing a number of classes and want in a training data.
  • It is simple to understand the process when compared to unsupervised learning.
  • It is found to be most helpful in a classification problems.
  • It is often used to predict the values from known set of data and also labels.
Types of a Supervised Learning


  • A Supervised learning cannot handle all the complex tasks in a Machine Learning.
  • It cannot be cluster data by figuring out a features on its own.
  • The decision boundary could be an overtrained. If dealing with the large amounts of data to train a classifier or a samples used to train it are not good ones then an accuracy of a model would be distorted. Hence considering a classification method for a big data can be more challenging.
  • The computation behind training process consumes a lot of time, so does a classification process. This can be a real test of a patience and the machine’s efficiency.
  • As this learning method cannot be handle huge amounts of data a machine has to learn itself from a training data.
  • If an input that doesn’t belong to the any of classes in the training data comes in the outcome might result in the wrong class label after classification.


Had an in-depth understanding of What is a Supervised Learning? by learning its definition, types, and functionality. Further analyzed its pluses and minuses so that can decide on when to use a list of supervised learning algorithms in real. In the end elucidated a use case that additionally are helped us know how supervised learning techniques work. It would be a great if we could discuss more on this technique. A Machine learning is a subset of an Artificial Intelligence.

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