Go vs python LEARNOVITA

Go vs Python | Know Their Differences and Which Should You Learn?

Last updated on 04th Nov 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Nirvi (Python developer )

Nirvi is a Python developer with 7+ years of experience in the Hadoop ecosystem, Sqoop, Hive, Spark, Scala, HBase, MapReduce, and NoSQL databases, such as HBase, Cassandra, and MongoDB. She spends most of her time researching technology and startups.

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    • In this article you will learn:
    • 1.What is Golang?
    • 2.What is a Python?
    • 3.Why use a GO Language?
    • 4.Why use Python Language?
    • 5.Features of Go.
    • 6.Features of Python.
    • 7.Golang Vs Python.
    • 8.Disadvantages of GO.
    • 9.Disadvantages of Python.
    • 10.Conclusion.

What is Golang?

Go is the open-source programming language developed by a Google. It is the statically-typed compiled language. This language support a concurrent programming and also allows running a multiple processes simultaneously. This is the achieved using a channels, goroutines, etc. Go has a garbage collection, which itself does a memory management and allows a deferred execution of functions.

What is a Python?

Python is the high-level object-oriented programming language. It has a built-in data structures, combined with the dynamic binding and typing, which makes it an ideal choice for a rapid application development. Python also provide a support for the modules and packages, which allows system modularity and a code reuse.It is one of fastest programming language as it needs more few lines of code. Its emphasis is on a readability and simplicity, which make it a great choice for the beginners.

Why use a GO Language?

  • It allows to use static linking to combine all the dependency libraries and modules into one single binary file based on a type of OS and architecture.
  • Go language performed a more efficiently because of a CPU scalability and concurrency model.
  • Go language provide a support for the multiple libraries and tools, so it does not need any 3rd party library.
  • It’s statically, strongly typed a programming language with great way to handle errors.

Why use a Python Language?

  • Python is the powerful object-oriented programming language.
  • Uses elegant syntax, making the program write simpler to read.
  • Python comes with the large standard library, so it supports a more common programming tasks.
  • Runs on different types of a computers and operating systems: Windows, macOS, Unix, OS/2, etc.
  • More simple syntax compared to a Java, C, and C++ languages.
  • Extensive library and a handy tools for developers.
  • Python has its auto-installed shell.
  • Compared with a code of other languages, python code is simple to write and debug. Therefore, its source code is relatively simple to maintain.
  • Python comes with the many prebuilt libraries, which makes a development task simple .
  • Python helps to make a complex programming simpler. As it internally deals with the memory addresses, garbage collection.
  • Python provides an interactive shell that helps to test a things before its actual implementation.
  • Python provides a database interfaces to all the major commercial DBMS systems.
Features of Python

Features of Go:

  • An Open-source project.
  • Created at a Google.
  • A Compiled language.
  • Simple concurrency support via goroutines.
  • A Package management.
  • A Static typing.
  • Features of powerful standard library.
  • Garbage collection called a goLand.
  • Concurrency support.
  • Great libraries.
  • Simple and readable code.

Features of Python:

  • Simple to learn, read, and maintain.
  • It can run on a different hardware platforms & using a same interface.
  • Can include a low-level modules to a Python interpreter.
  • Python provides an ideal structure and support for a large programs.
  • Python provides a support for an automatic garbage collection.
  • It supports the interactive mode of testing and debugging.
  • It provides a high-level dynamic data types and also supports a dynamic type checking.
  • Python language can be integrated with a Java, C, and C++ programming code.
  • High-performance.
  • Simple, minimal syntax.
  • Fast compilation times.
  • Statically linked the binaries which are simple to deploy.
Golang

Golang Vs. Python:

    GoPython
    Go paradigms are be Procedural, functional and concurrent language. Python paradigms are the object-oriented, imperative, functional, and procedural language.
    A Statically typed language. Dynamically a typed language.
    More focused on being system language. More focused on a writing web applications.
    Go also deals with the memory management. Python offers a memory management.
    Go syntax is based on a opening and closing braces. Python syntax uses an indentation to indicate a code blocks.
    Go web programming offers the smooth debugging process. Python is a dynamically-typed, meaning that it checks for a bugs at run-time.
    Offers limited support for the Object Orientation and functional concepts. Object-Oriented programming, which supports a functional concepts.
    Go does not provide an exceptions. Python supports an exceptions.
    Go does not support a object-oriented programming. Therefore it doesn’t have a classes and objects. Python has a classes and objects.
    Go does not support the inheritance. Python supports an inheritance.
    Go is ideal for a system programming. Python is the famous language which is used for solving a data science problems.
    It has more verbose compared to a Python. It is less verbose compared to the Go language.
    It supports the concurrency. It doesn’t have the any in-built concurrency mechanism.
    A Go language is more focused on being system language. Python language is a more focused on writing a web applications.
    Go needs more code to perform a same number of actions. Python requires a fewer code compares to Go.
    A 28.5 K Github stars. A 67.5 K Github stars.
    Go developer ranges from the approximately $64,089 per year. The average salary for the Python Developer is $120,359 per year in United States.

Disadvantages of GO:

  • Go is not be generic language.
  • API integration with Go does not have officially supported Go SDK.
  • A Poor Library Support.
  • A Fractured Dependency Management.

Disadvantages of Python:

  • Used in a fewer platforms.
  • Weak in a mobile computing, hence not used in the app development.
  • As Python is a dynamic, so it shows more errors at a run-time.
  • A Under-developed and primitive database access layer.
  • Absence of a commercial support.

Conclusion:

Golang and Python are essentially easy to learn and simple to use a languages. Golang is OOPS based on compiled language, whereas Python is a procedural-based interpreted language. Golang is a majorly used for a system programming, whereas a Python is used for data science programs. Now which is a best language for a software development – Golang or Python? For system programmers and web developers, Golang is best language. On contrary, Python is best language for a data science professionals. Ultimately, it relies on developers who should make best deal out of two based on needs.

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