Introduction to python programming LEARNOVITA

What is Python Programming | A Definitive Guide with Best Practices

Last updated on 05th Nov 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Nirvi (Python developer )

Nirvi is a Python developer with 7+ years of experience in the Hadoop ecosystem, including Sqoop, Hive, Spark, Scala, HBase, MapReduce, and NoSQL databases, such as HBase, Cassandra, and MongoDB. She spends most of her time researching technology and startups.

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    • In this article you will get
    • Features
    • Types
    • How does it work?
    • Why?
    • How does it work?
    • What’s a Variable in Python?
    • Assigning Values to Variables
    • Standard Data Types
    • Conclusion


  • Easy to decode
  • Free and Open Source
  • Object- acquainted Language
  • GUI Programming Support
  • High- Level Language
  • Extensible point
  • Python is movable language
  • Python is Integrated language


There are four main Python rendering styles imperative, functional, object- acquainted, and procedural And to produce it, you must put it inside a class. Now in this Auto class, we’ve five styles, videlicet, start(), halt(), drift(), speedup(), and turn().

How does it work?

Python is a high- position, interpreted, interactive and object- acquainted scripting language.. Python tracks the types of all values at runtime and flags decode that doesn’t make sense as it runs. An excellent way to see how Python law works is to run the Python practitioner and type law right into it.


Python is a computer programming language frequently used to make websites and software, automate tasks, and conduct data analysis. Python is a general purpose language, meaning it can be used to produce a variety of different programs and is n’t specialized for any specific problems.


  • Artificial Intelligence.
  • Data Science.
  • Web Development.
  • Machine literacy.
  • Bedded operation.
  • Game Development.
  • Business operations.


  • Easy to Read, Learn and Write.
  • Python is a high- position programming language that has English- suchlike syntax.
  • Improved Productivity.
  • Python is a veritably productive language.
  • Interpreted Language.
  • Stoutly compartmented.
  • Free and Open- Source.
  • Vast Libraries Support.
  • Portability.

The Internet has incontrovertibly come the ‘ Soul of Actuality ’ and its exertion is characterized by ‘ Connections ’ or ‘ Networks ’. This composition covers all areas dealing with Socket Programming in Python. Sockets help you make these connections, while Python, really, makes it easy.

Let’s take a quick look at all the motifs covered in this composition:

  • Why use Sockets?
  • What are Sockets in Python?
  • What’s a garçon?
  • What’s a customer?
  • Echo customer- Garçon
  • Multiple Dispatches
  • Transferring Python Objects
  • Python fix module
  • How to transfer python objects using the fix module?
  • Why use Sockets?

Sockets are the backbone of networking. They make the transfer of information possible between two different programs or biases. For illustration, when you open up your cybersurfer, you as a customer are creating a connection to the garçon for the transfer of information.

What are Sockets?

In general terms, sockets are interior endpoints erected for transferring and entering data. A single device can have an ‘ n ’ number of sockets grounded on the harborage number that’s being used. Different anchorages are available for different types of protocols. Take a look at the following image for further about some of the common harborage figures and the affiliated protocols.

Socket in Python

Some of the important styles are as follows:

What’s a Garçon?

A garçon is either a program, a computer, or a device that’s devoted to managing network coffers. waiters can either be on the same device or computer or locally connected to other biases and computers or indeed remote. There are colorful types of waiters similar as database waiters, network waiters, print waiters,etc.


  • import socket
  • s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM)
  • ((socket.gethostname(), 1234))
  • ( 5)
  • while True
  • clt, adr = s.accept()
  • print( f ” Connection to{ adr} established ”)
  • f string is nonfictional string prefixed with f which
  • python expressions inside braces
  • ( bytes( “ Socket Programming in Python ”, ” utf- 8 “))#to shoot word to clientsocket

As you can see, the first necessity to produce a socket is to import the socket module. After that the socket.socket() system is used to produce a garçon- side socket.

Explore Class:

The bind() system accepts two parameters as a tuple( host, harborage). still, it’s better to use 4- number harborage figures as the lower bones are generally enthralled. The listen() system allows the garçon to accept connections. Then, 5 is the line for multiple connections that come up contemporaneously. The minimal value that can be specified then 0( If you give a lower value, it’s changed to 0). In case no parameter is specified, it takes a dereliction suitable bone.

The whole circle allows accepting connections ever. ‘ clt ’ and ‘ adr ’ are the customer object and address. The print statement just prints out the address and the harborage number of the customer socket. Eventually,clt.send is used to shoot the data in bytes.

What’s a customer?

A customer is either a computer or software that receives information or services from the garçon. In a customer- garçon module, guests request for services from waiters. The stylish illustration is a web cybersurfer similar to Google Chrome, Firefox, etc. These web cyber surfers request web waiters for the needed web runners and services as directed by the stoner. Other exemplifications include online games, online exchanges,etc.

Python Socket customer Garçon:

Now that we know many styles for transmitting bytes, let’s produce a customer and garçon program with Python.

  • import socket
  • serv = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM)
  • (( ‘ ’, 8080))
  • serv.listen( 5)
  • while True
  • conn, addr = serv.accept()
  • = ”
  • while True
  • data = conn.recv( 4096)
  • if not data break
  • = data
  • printfrom_client
  • ( “ I’m SERVER
  • ”)
  • () print ‘ customer disconnected ’

How does it work?

This law makes a socket object, and binds it to localhost’s harborage 8080 as a socket garçon. When guests connect to this address with a socket connection, the garçon listens for data, and stores it in the “ data ” variable.Also, the program logs the customer data using “ print, ” and also sends a string to the customer I’m SERVER.

  • Python is designed to be largely readable.
  • It uses English keywords constantly whereas other languages use punctuation, and it has smaller syntactic constructions than other languages.
  • Python is Interpreted.
  • Python is reused at runtime by the practitioner. You don’t need to collect your program before executing it.
  • Python is Interactive.
  • You can actually sit at a Python advice and interact with the practitioner directly to write your programs.
  • Python is Object- acquainted.
  • Python supports Object- acquainted style or fashion of programming that encapsulates law within objects.
  • Python is a Beginner’s Language.
  • Python is a great language for the freshman- position programmers and supports the development of a wide range of operations from simple textbook processing to WWW cybersurfers to games.

What’s a Variable in Python?

A Python variable is a reticent memory position to store values.Every value in Python has a datatype. Different data types in Python are figures, List, Tuple, Strings, Dictionary, etc. Variables can be declared by any name or indeed rudiments like a, aa, alphabet,etc.Variables are nothing but reserved memory locales to store values. This means that when you produce a variable you reserve some space in memory.Grounded on the data type of a variable, the practitioner allocates memory and decides what can be stored in the reserved memory. Thus, by assigning different data types to variables, you can store integers, numbers or characters in these variables.

Assigning Values to Variables

Python variables don’t need unequivocal protestation to reserve memory space. The operand to the left wing of the = driver is the name of the variable and the operand to the right of the = driver is the value stored in the variable. For illustration −Multiple Assignment.

Standard Data Types

Python has colorful standard data types that are used to define the operations possible on them and the storehouse system for each of them.

  • Figures
  • String
  • List
  • Tuple
  • Dictionary
  • Python figures

Number data types store numeric values.

  • int long pier complex
  • 1051924361 L0.03.14 j
  • 100-0 x19323L15.20 45. j
  • – 786 0122 L-21.99.322e- 36j
  • 080 0xDEFABCECBDAECBFBAEl32.3 e18.876 j
  • – 0490535633629 843L-90. -.6545 0J
  • – 0x260-052318172735 L-32.54 e100 3e 26J
  • 0x69-4721885298529 L70.2- E124.53e- 7j

Python allows you to use a lowercase l with long, but it’s recommended that you use only an uppercase L to avoid confusion with the number 1. Python displays long integers with an uppercaseL.A complex number consists of an ordered brace of real floating- point figures denoted by x yj, where x and y are the real figures and j is the imaginary unit.

Python Strings:

Strings in Python are linked as a conterminous set of characters represented in the citation marks. Python allows for either dyads of single or double quotations. Subsets of strings can be taken using the slice driver(() and()) with indicators starting at 0 in the morning of the string and working their way from-1 at the end.The plus() sign is the string consecution driver and the asterisk( *) is the reiteration driver. For illustration.

Python Lists:

Lists are the most protein of Python’s emulsion data types. A list contains particulars separated by commas and enclosed within square classes(()). To some extent, lists are analogous to arrays in C. One difference between them is that all the particulars belonging to a list can be of different data types.The values stored in a list can be penetrated using the slice driver(() and()) with indicators starting at 0 in the morning of the list and working their way to end-1. The plus() sign is the list consecution driver, and the asterisk( *) is the reiteration driver.

Python Tuples:

A tuple is another sequence data type that’s analogous to the list.Unlike lists, still, tuples are enclosed within hiatuses. The main differences between lists and tuples are Lists are enclosed in classes(()) and their rudiments and size can be changed, while tuples are enclosed in hiatuses(()) and can not be streamlined.

Python data types


Understanding the syntax of Python is great and each, and Python by itself is indeed a great language, but the fundamentals of Python are n’t why Python is a successful language. There are plenty of fun- to- write languages that are just like Python, similar to Ruby, Julia, indeedR.

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