Kotlin vs python LEARNOVITA

Kotlin vs Python | A Complete Guide with Best Practices

Last updated on 02nd Nov 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Nirvi (Python developer )

Nirvi is a Python developer with 7+ years of experience in the Hadoop ecosystem, Sqoop, Hive, Spark, Scala, HBase, MapReduce, and NoSQL databases, such as HBase, Cassandra, and MongoDB. She spends most of her time researching technology and startups.

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    • In this article you will learn:
    • 1.What is Kotlin?
    • 2.Potential reasons to use Kotlin.
    • 3.What is Python?
    • 4.Reasons to Use Python.
    • 5.Kotlin Vs Python.
    • 6.Is Kotlin better than Python.
    • 7.Conclusion.

What is Kotlin?

Kotlin is the open-source and statistically typed programming language that are runs on a JVM and works across various platforms. A language is statistically typed if a variable type is known at compile time rather than a run time. It is a fully interoperable with Java very concise and combination of a object-oriented and functional programming features. Kotlin is developed by a JetBrains and its first version was released on a February 15, 2016. It is used for a server-side development, Client-side development and Android development.

Potential Reasons to Use Kotlin:

Write Less Code – Each developer wants to write as little code as possible that still gets the job done. Kotlin lets you write the least amount of code which makes an app run faster.

Ease of Adoption – It is more easy to shift work-in-progress Android app code to a Kotlin.

Supports Functional Programming – Kotlin supports a functional programming by allowing the developers to process tasks easily and quickly.

Full Compatibility with Java – Developers can use all the Java libraries and frameworks while coding in a Kotlin.

No Runtime Overhead – Kotlin has a small library and most of heavy lifting is done at a time of compilation.

Multi-Platform Compatibility – Kotlin not only supports a Android development but it is also compatible with a JavaScript and Gradle.

Less Error-prone – Kotlin is a less error-prone because the language itself removes a few common coding errors moreover chances of error get reduced when a developer has to write a less code.

What is Python?

Python is object-oriented and high-level programming language that was created by a Guido Van Rossum and released in 1991. It can be used for:

  • Server-side web development.
  • Software development.
  • System Scripting.
  • Handling a big data and performing complex mathematics.

Python supports a modules and packages and encourages the code reusability. Interpreter raises the exception if it finds any exception. In case the program does not catch an exception an interpreter will print the stack trace.

Reasons to use Python:

Third- Party Modules Availability – Python package Index contains a third-party modules to promote an interaction with several languages and platforms.

Extensive Support Libraries – Python has large standard library that includes an internet protocols, string operations, operating system interfaces and web services. Often used a programming tasks are already scripted in a library which reduces the unnecessary work of a writing.

Open Source and Community Development – Python language is developed under a OSI-approved license which is free to use and distribute a including commercial purpose.

User-friendly Data Structures – Python has built-in list of data structure which helps to construct a data structure at a faster rate during runtime.

Productivity and Speed – Python has an object-oriented design test processing capabilities and its own testing framework all of which contribute to better speed and productivity.

Kotlin

Kotlin vs Python: What are the Differences?

    PropertyPython Kotlin
    Description. It is the widely used high-level programming language. Kotlin is a statistically typed, OOP and FP programming language.
    Unicode. Yes. Yes.
    Interpreter. Yes. No.
    Extension/Plug-in. Yes. Yes.
    Operating System. Cross-Platform. Cross-Platform.
    Multilingual Content. Yes. Yes.
    Development Principles. Python Zen. S.O.L.I.D
    Behaviour driven development. Template languages. Chameleon.
    JinjaAdobe Flash Support. Django Template System. HTML5.
    Influences. C, C++, Java, Perl, Smalltalk. Java, Scala, Gosu, C#, Python, Object Pascal, Groovy.
    Adobe Flash Support. Yes. No.
    Programming Paradigm. An Object-oriented Functional Imperative Programming. An Object-oriented Functional Imperative Programming Metaprogramming Reactive programming Reflective.
    Scripting Language Support. Python. Kotlin.
    Free to Use. Yes. Yes.
    Frontend. C#. Kotlin native.
    Compiled Language. Conditional. Yes.
    Compiler. No. Yes.
    CLR. Yes. No.
    Unsafe Code Support. No. Yes.
    Maven Support. No. Yes.
    Creates a slew of inefficient Javascript. No. Yes.
    Operating System Server. Cross-Platform. Android.
Python Applications

Pros of Python:

  • Simple to scan, read, understand and save.
  • Provides an automatic garbage pickup support.
  • Low reading curve wonderful for a displaying knowledge.
  • Python is a versatile, approachable, simple and complete.
  • Provides a straightforward structure and aslo support for giant systems.
  • Engineers will be install low-level modules within a translator.
  • Developers will be integrate a Python with C and C ++ languages.
  • Python supports the ability mode for a debugging and debugging.
  • It has a power to use a range of a hardware platforms.
  • Provides a dynamic, high-quality knowledge varieties and versatile sort testing.

Cons of Python:

  • Not decent programming language for a mobile app development.
  • Python knowledge access layer is a previous or not developed.
  • Python is slower than various programming languages ​​ like C and C ++.
  • It desires in a depth testing as major errors and bugs are visible throughout an operation solely.
  • Python’s world Interpreter Lock (GIL) doesn’t permit to use a multiple threads directly.
  • Recommended memory functions aren’t counselled as a Python memory usage is extremely high.

Benefits of a kotlin:

  • Kotlin is easy to use, light and keeps an app from getting too heavy.
  • Kotlin is more flexible and easier to talk about than Java which means it makes less mistakes.
  • Language provides the safe built-in security net that is seen as a lifesaver.
  • Include a program’s code to make bytecode that can be used in a Java Virtual Machine. Because Kotlin is good at writing engineers will use it directly in Gradle building materials.
  • Can make new modules in Kotlin that can work alongside Java code. All Java libraries and frameworks can be used with it. It will be easy to integrate with the sense and Gradle building plans. If an open source project comes out on GitHub, learning resources, online courses and books engineers will make money from it.
  • With the Kotlin Multi Platform framework you can add Kotlin to any platform, including JVM, Android, JavaScript and native.

The limitations of Kotlin:

  • The small engineering community is about the same size as Java. It means that learning resources were limited because it was hard to find answers to technical problems.
  • Once engineers switch to Kotlin they will have to learn it quickly.
  • Kotlin is the most widely known written language but on a compatible JVM keyboard it produces a lot of boilerplate code.

Conclusion:

If Python student and are interested in learning a new language that is needed in a market it means that Kotlin is a more strong competitor. It was all about a Kotlin Vs Python.

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