RPA Developer Tutorial

RPA Developer Tutorial

Last updated on 29th Sep 2020, Blog, Tutorials

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What is an RPA Developer?

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a widely used technology that mainly focuses on automating repetitive business processes that previously required human efforts. This technology makes use of Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to automate routine business tasks. It is one of the fastest-growing technologies that has been implemented in many industries including finance and marketing.

RPA Developers are those who work on the design, development, and implementation of RPA systems. These professionals design automation tasks for business enterprises and are responsible for solving various problems based on automation. After an automation task is rolled for production, the RPA Developers also need to ensure that their designed process is providing the required results.

Enroll in our RPA Training to learn in-depth about this technology and become a successful RPA Developer.

How to become an RPA Developer?

Before reading in detail about the various roles and responsibilities of an RPA Developer, let’s check out the qualifications required to become one.

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You must have:

  • A degree in any computer science course.
  • Good technical knowledge of automation tools
  • Experience in programming languages such as C++, C#, and Java.
  • Experience working with RPA tools like Blue Prism, UiPath, etc.

Finally, you need to prepare a good RPA Developer resume to apply for an RPA Developer job interview in a reputed organization.

RPA Developer Skill Set

Though it is not difficult to get an RPA Developer job, there are a few RPA Developer skills that you need to have. These skills include:

  • Experience in automation tools such as Blue Prism and UiPath
  • Excellence in C, C++, Java, or .NET
  • Experience in scripting languages such as JavaScript, HTML, etc.
  • Experience in SQL or NoSQL
  • Basics of Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Knowledge of workflow
  • Good logical, analytical, and problem-solving skills

You can master these RPA skills by obtaining an industry-recognized RPA Certification from a course offered by Intellipaat. This online course will help you master various RPA skills. You will also work on various projects that will provide you hands-on experience in solving real-time business problems.

Now, you will learn about the various roles and responsibilities of an RPA Developer.

RPA Developer Roles and Responsibilities

The main role of RPA Developers is to build, design, develop, and implement RPA systems. They make use of various RPA tools and technologies such as UI Automation, Blue Prism, and more to set up and analyze automated processes. They use these tools to analyze the processes and check whether they can be automated. Later, they use this information to design the necessary automation.

Various roles and responsibilities of an RPA Developer include:

  • Designing automation processes as per the operational needs of an organization
  • Scripting and coding in any RPA tool to resolve automation issues
  • Reviewing the code and the design and also providing expertise in the development, and integration of systems
  • Configuring new automation with efficient and easily understandable automation tools
  • Documenting the automation procedures

Various Roles of an RPA Developer

Here is the list of some of the popular job roles available for RPA Developers:

  • RPA Developer
  • RPA Engineer
  • RPA Technical Lead
  • RPA Solutions Senior Developer
  • RPA Consultant
  • RPA Administrator
  • RPA Business Analyst

Below are screenshots of some job openings for RPA Developers available on Indeed:

Companies Hiring RPA Developers

Many leading organizations have implemented RPA to automate their business processes. They hire RPA Developers who use various automation tools for automating their necessary business tasks. Some of the major companies include:

  • IBM
  • Deloitte
  • Infosys
  • KPMG
  • EY
  • Capgemini
  • Cognizant Technology Solutions

As per ISG, the usage and implementation of automation might grow at the rate of 100 percent in Europe in the year 2020 and about 92 percent of European companies would implement RPA.

According to Gartner, the revenue for the Automation Anywhere RPA tool grew in the past year from US$74 million to about US$108.4 million in the United States in a year.

RPA Developer Salary

With every industry implementing RPA in its numerous organizations to perform most tasks, RPA Developers are highly in demand. Many companies are hiring RPA Developers for this reason. However, the supply and the availability of these professionals do not meet the demand. This is why RPA Developers are among the highest-paid IT professionals today.

RPA Developer Salary in the USA

As per Indeed, the average salary of a Junior RPA Developer is about US$63,579 per annum. For a Senior RPA Developer, the average income is US$98,809 per annum.

RPA Developer Salary in India

According to Glassdoor, the RPA Developer salary in India is approximately ₹776,912 per annum. With experience, this income may rise up to ₹1,200,000 per annum.

Course Curriculum

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Future of RPA Developers

What is Robotic Process Automation?


Before we begin, let’s take a closer look at what Robotic Process Automation actually is. Robotic Process Automation, or RPA for short, refers to the use and implementation of robotics and/or Artificial Intelligence (AI) to set up consistent automated systems that require no human intervention. Sounds pretty awesome? We think so too!

But how do these systems actually work?

RPA implementation works around a set of structured rules. Using RPA tools, a business can program “robots” or AI to carry out typical daily tasks with minimal input from actual human employees, thus freeing them up to focus on higher scale work.

The RPA system watches the user while performing a task in GUI, and then automation comes in. The performed tasks will be repeated automatically in that graphical user interface (GUI).

The Banking and Financial Services and Insurance sector have been implementing automation in their processes and repetitive and easy tasks are now being completed by robots.

The final goal is to enhance productivity and move current employees to more important roles.

What does an RPA Developer do?

This is where an RPA developer comes in! Generally, RPA developers are responsible for the creation, design, development, and implementation of RPA systems.

They are required to investigate, analyze, and set up automated processes to maximize efficiency for a business model. This is done with the help of RPA technologies and tools.

Some of the most used Robotic process automation tools:

  • Blue Prism
  • UI Automation
  • Automation Anywhere
  • OpenSpan
  • UiPath
  • NICE
  • Work Fusion

Using these tools, RPA Developers first work on analyzing business processes and pathways, and if they can be structured or automated. Based on this data, developers then work on designing processes to automate.

It’s often said that RPA developers have 3 roles in one. They are process designers, automation architects, and production managers. Depending on the company these roles could be completed by different people or they can be all combined into a single role completed by the RPA developer.

RPA Developers responsibilities and tasks:

  • Provide guidance with process design
  • Design, develop, test automation workflows
  • Deployment of RPA components: bots, robots, development tools
  • Support the implementation of RPA solutions
  • Create process documentation
  • Assure the quality of the automation (QA processes)

So what does it take to become an RPA Developer?

Background: Education and Certification

For starters, most RPA developers tend to have a Bachelor’s in the IT sector such as Computer Science, Management Information Systems, Business Administration, Engineering, Mathematics. This, however, is not entirely necessary. When it comes down to it, practical knowledge and the ability to utilize RPA tools and technology is what is absolutely crucial.

Hard and soft skills needed

  • Technical knowledge on leading automation tools, e.g., Blue Prism and UiPath
  • Excellent software development background, e.g C#, C++, Java, .NET
  • Basic programming knowledge on HTML, JavaScript (or any scripting language)
  • Experience with Agile development methodology
  • Experience with Databases (SQL or NoSQL) often preferred
  • Knowledge of AI and Machine Learning
  • Understanding of workflow-based logic
  • Strong attention to detail and analytical skills
  • Excellent communication skill
  • Talent to present technical details


In terms of remuneration, RPA developers generally fare well. With RPA being a rising field of interest for large businesses and companies, it only makes sense for there to also be a sharp increase in the demand for RPA developers!


A quick survey shows that most RPA developers make anything from $85,000 to $130,000 a year. This is based entirely on years of experience and level of certifications, of course.

What about Freelance RPA developers, how much do they charge?

The average freelancer hourly rate of an RPA developer is $120 per hour. Considering an 8-hour working day, the daily rate is around $720 per day (freelancermap rate index – as of April 2019).


Real insights from an experienced RPA developer

Now that we know what it is to be an RPA developer, let’s hear directly from a specialist! We got in touch with Antonio, a Senior RPA Developer who’s answered some questions regarding his day-to-day work for us.

  • What was your background and how did you start in Robotic Process Automation?

My background was always development and process research and analysis, so RPA was an extension of what I did for many years.

  • What does a regular day look like for you?

It depends on the stage of the project. In the beginning, it’s more about process survey and validation with users (PDD). After approval of the project, it’s time for development and testing of the robots created (Code Review), validated preparation of packages for its migration to production. Finally, monitoring of the execution of automated processes.

  • What are the biggest misconceptions about RPA? What are the benefits and pitfalls?

Knowing how to position the RPA tool or understanding what RPA can do and how it can help teams and companies.

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Many leading organizations have automated their business processes with the help of RPA. With automation taking over almost every industry, the need for RPA Developers has increased abundantly. Automation has almost completely taken over the e-commerce and telecommunication industries. In the near future, it aims to eliminate the need for human employees in various other industries as well.

In this Tutorial, you learned about the various roles and responsibilities of an RPA Developer. You also got an overview of the various skills required for this role. In addition, you have gained insights into how RPA is taking over various industries and reducing human efforts. So, register for our certification program and secure your career as an RPA Developer. This course provides instructor-led training, along with self-paced videos. Upon the completion of this online course, you will be a certified RPA Developer.

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