OBIA Tutorial

OBIA Tutorial

Last updated on 27th Sep 2020, Blog, Tutorials

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Business Intelligence is a technology-driven process for analyzing data and presenting actionable information which helps executives, managers and other corporate end users make informed business decisions. Whether your organization is new to leveraging Oracle’s enterprise wide solutions or has been doing it for over a decade, there is untold potential to analyzing your data with Oracle’s leading Business Intelligence tools.

Oracle provides a wide range of pre-built applications to serve as the starting point of integrating a broad variety of process systems with Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition (OBIEE) . This allows OBIEE to consume data from these systems and generate robust, intuitive, and deeply informative dashboards and analyses that will reveal the story of your organizations performance, finances, and other metrics for all levels of your business to understand.

Oracle Business Intelligence is a unique platform that enables companies to uncover new insights and make faster, more informed business decisions by offering visual analytics and self-service discovery together with enterprise analytics. Instant mobile, highly interactive dashboards, powerful operational reporting, just-in-time alerts, content and metadata search, strategy management, native access to Big Data sources, sophisticated in-memory computing, and streamlined systems management combine to make it a comprehensive solution that reduces the total cost of ownership and increases return on investment for your entire organization.

Have you customized your E-Business Suite, Oracle CRM , or other enterprise system? MindStream Analytics will partner with you to evaluate and implement Oracle’s packages to configure and customize them to your specific environment to leverage all of the customizations you’ve done to your transactional systems within your BI tool sets. When you engage with MindStream, we will

  •  Evaluate your current systems
  • Deploy off the shelf versions of the OBIA modules
  • Prioritize and customize the OBIA modules to your specific needs
  • Provide an experienced, reliable partnership on establishing best practices and methodologies for the life cycle management of your BI program, including identifying and engaging business users to become champions of BI within your organization
  • Support your ongoing needs through iterative release cycles that will improve your organization’s utilization of the application and continue to add valuethrough iterative problem solving and maturity.

Learn how we can help tap into your existing data to provide world class Business Intelligence to better understand your organization and how to create sustainable growth. MindStream can guide you to solutions that enhance business modeling and enables better analysis and insight into your data. Our practice has grown from a dedicated team of professionals who have pooled resources to create a powerful network of people who all share our collective company purpose and values. We believe that the power of technology combined with best practices will give customers the ability to make fact-based decisions to help grow their business.

What is OBIA? Oracle BI Applications and various Components of OBIA

Oracle BI Applications

The increasing volumes and complexity of data provide a strategic opportunity for organizations to turn information into business intelligence.This has resulted in OBIA. We will see what are the important features of OBIA(Latest version is  Oracle Business Intelligence Applications, v.



Oracle Business Intelligence Applications is a prebuilt business intelligence solution that deliver intelligence across an organization, empowering users at all levels from front line operational users to senior management with the key information they need to maximize effectiveness.

Sources for OBIA

  • EBS or Oracle E-Business Suite
  • Oracle’s Siebel Applications
  • Oracle’s PeopleSoft Applications
  • Oracle’s JD Edwards Applications
  • Non-Oracle sources such as SAP Applications

Oracle Business Intelligence Application (OBIA) is composed of : 






Components of OBIA

DAC Repository metadata files:Content includes repository objects such astables, subject areas, execution plans, and tasks, andis contained in XML files.The DAC client and server were included until version 7.9.5. Since then it is a separate installer.
Embedded Informatica ETL tool and repositoryETL is a third party tool which includes mappings (wrapped in workflows) to extract data from the supported source systems (various versions of standard applications such as Siebel CRM – yes it was first – , Oracle eBusiness Suite, Peoplesoft, JDEdwards and SAP (BI Apps version 7.8.4) ) and load the data into the Oracle Business Analysis Warehouse.
Prebuilt metadata contentThis metadata content is contained in the Oracle BIApplications repository file  (OracleBIAnalyticsApps.rpd).It maps the source physical tables to a generic business model and includes more than 100 presentation catalogs (aka subject areas) to allow queries and segmentation using Oracle BI clients such as Answers, Dashboards and Segment Designer
Prebuilt reports and dashboard contentContains hundreds of requests and ready-to-use dashboards which enable tight integration between the source applications and the BI infrastructure
Oracle Business Analytics WarehouseThe prebuilt data warehouse that holds data extracted, transformed, and loaded from the transactional database
Ad-hoc AnalysisMetadata layer serves as foundation to provide flexible and intuitive ad-hoc reportingand custom dashboard designs through Oracle BI Answers and Oracle BI Dashboardtools that are part of the OBIEE toolset.
Role-Based DashboardsDelivered role-based dashboards are easily configurable to meet specific organizationalneeds and practices.
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Oracle BI Applications includes the following modules:

  • Oracle Financial Analytics (Manage financial performance across locations, customers, products, and territories, and receive real-time alerts on events that may impact financial condition)
  • Oracle Human Resources Analytics (Correlate financial measures with key workforce metrics to demonstrate HR’s strategic value in the organization)
  • Oracle Procurement and Spend Analytics (Creates visibility to spending patterns for both direct and indirect spend, enabling users to identify and realize the savings opportunities, with the ability to do the spend analysis by commodities, suppliers, supplier locations, buying locations, business units, cost centers, buyers and contract usage)
  • Oracle Project Analytics
  • Oracle Supply Chain and Order Management Analytics

Oracle BI Applications Deployment Architecture Diagram

The Oracle BI Applications deployment architecture is comprised of several major components and repositories.


Client Tier

As depicted in the figure, the client host shows the Configuration Manager and ODI Console accessed through Web browsers. ODI Studio is installed on a developer client system.

Application Tier

Major Components Deployed Into Manager Server “bi_server1”

  1. 1. Oracle Business Intelligence Applications Configuration Manager (OBIACM) — Using browser based application you can perform system setups, configure Oracle BI Applications, and define, generate, run, and monitor load plans.
  2. 2. Functional Setup Manager (FSM) — The browser based application is used by Configuration Manager for sequenced task implementation and task dependency management.
  3. 3. Load Plan Generator — This component is a set of jar files used to create load plans in the ODI Repository.

Major Components Deployed Into Managed Server “odi_server1”

  • ODI Console — This component enables you to control and monitor ETL.
  • ODI Agent — This component is a Java EE Agent, which handles schedules and orchestrates sessions.

Database Tier

Oracle BI Applications Repositories

  1. 1. Oracle Business Analytics Warehouse (OBAW) — The Oracle Business Analytics Warehouse is a unified data repository of the supported source systems.
  2. 2. Oracle Business Intelligence Applications Components Repository (BIACOMP) — This is the repository for Configuration Manager and FSM. It contains load plan definitions, setup objects, such as parameters and domain mappings, and a list of functional tasks.
  3. 3. Oracle BI Applications I/O Schema — This schema is used by all other components to read/write configuration and functional setup data through ETL processes.

Business case for OBIA

In the above introduction it is mentioned BI solution is pre built and it means:

  • A prebuilt data warehouse schema, the Oracle Business Analytics Warehouse, with associated extract, transform, and load (ETL) metadata and data-movement infrastructure to support aggregation and transformation for the analysis of data from all transactional sources.
  • A pre-built Oracle BI Applications metadata repository to support analysis of the data in the Oracle Business Analytics Warehouse.
  • A suite of metrics pertaining to how organizations measure performance that your company can select from and apply to your particular line of business.

Benefits of a packaged application are quicker time to deploy, less overall cost, an enterprise view of data, role-based views for all employees, and built-in best practices. For any organization or company  who own the transactional source system of Oracle Ebusiness Suite,Siebel,PeopleSoft ,JDEdwards  OBIA can drastically reduce the time and cost to deploy a BI solution It also provides the flexibility to introduce and implement the analytics one module at a time, for eg: You can implement Financials and then move on HR analytics.

OBIA ERP Analytics consists of the following modules:

  1. 1. Oracle Financial Analytics
  2. 2. Oracle U.S. Federal Financial Analytics
  3. 3. Oracle Human Resources Analytics
  4. 4. Oracle Manufacturing Analytics
  5. 5. Oracle Procurement and Spend Analytics
  6. 6. Oracle Project Analytics
  7. 7. Oracle Supply Chain and Order Management Analytics
  8. 8. Oracle Student Information Analytics

OBIA Version

I will be going over the new release of OBIA with ODI.  Earlier version that is OBIA  7.9.6 had Informatica as its ETL architecture. The topics I will be covering will be based only the new release of OBIA and not an upgrade from 7.9.6 .

The oracle site has only for download .So I will be referring to only installation and configuration steps. The upgrade path from to is available on the OTN site. Both have the same BI components but the latest version has some bug fixes and enhancements to version.

The most significant difference between OBIA and that I have noticed are

  • New Data Lineage Tool allows customers and implementers to track lineage from source to target – improving information transparency across their enterprise 
  • Configuration Management expands System Setup and Load Plan definition capabilities, including the registration of multiple instances for the same Product Line Version, UI enhancements to support DW connection configuration and Load Plan definition, and Load Plan definition migration
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The different components of OBIA are

  1. 1. Admin console
  2. 2. BIACM(Business Intelligence Applications Configuration Manager)
  3. 3. FSM(Functional Setup Manager)
  4. 4. ODI Console(Oracle Data Integrator Console)
  5. 5. RPD(Repository)
  6. 6. Catalog

Success Factors for implementing OBIA with ODI

Successful BI implementation is a collaborative effort of functional and technical teams in an organization. BI implementation is successful and useful only when the data on the dashboards are meaningful.  And when does data become meaningful in dashboards?  Look at the diagram below:


This diagram depicts the different components that are responsible for the display of meaningful data on your dashboards. Functional configurations is an important task at each and every stage of BI implementation since accurate configurations and mappings translate to accurate data on dashboards. These steps need input from the subject matter experts (SMEs) or the super users of your transactional source system to get the data right. And when the technical folks show the BIACM and FSM UIs to functional SMEs for their input, the questions they would be asked are:

  1. 1. This UI does not make sense.
  2. 2. What is all that Mapping about?
  3. 3. Why you need that input?

The answer that would help:

These functional setups, based on either business requirements or on transactional source system settings or configurations, direct the manner in which relevant data is moved and transform d from source database to target database. Functional setups are also called functional configurations which provides accurate and successful movement of data from (source system) EBS to (database to target Business Analytics Warehouse) Dashboard and they Control the manner in which data is displayed.

Implementation Phases of OBIA with ODI

I will be going over the implementation phases for Oracle BI Applications. A typical product lifecycle consists of the following process, some of which may happen concurrently.

  • Installation
  • OBIA architecture and components
  • Configurations
  • Data Load-Domain Load/Data Load/Incremental Load/Issues in Data Load
  • Customization to RPD
  • Customization to Dashboards
  • Migration

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