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Stages of Team Development | Everything You Need to Know

Last updated on 28th Oct 2022, Artciles, Blog

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Kimaya (Business Analytics Analyst )

Kimaya is the Sr. Business Analytics Analyst with 5+ years of experience. She has expertise in ABC analysis, SPI, factory overhead, R&D capex, sunk cost, economic order quantity (EOQ), and EAC. Her articles assist in sharing information and abilities in core fields and provide students with informative knowledge.

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    • In this article you will get
    • 1.What is a Team Development?
    • 2.Why is Team Development Important?
    • 3.What are the 5 Stages of Team Development?
    • 4.How can leaders initiate Team Development?
    • 5.Conclusion

What is a Team Development?

A team is the group of individuals who work together towards the common goal.Each member of a team is valuable to a common goal in their own way, using a unique set of skills to fulfill the team role.And yet, everyone on team shares a same orientation and attitude.Though this may sound simple on paper, balancing individual and common goals within a team is quite complex, especially stress, failure, or discord.

Characteristics of successful team include

MISSION: Everyone on a team has a clear understanding of what a collective goal is.

COMMITMENT:Everyone on a team invests their time, energy, and attention into acollective goal.

The 3 R’s: Everyone on a team understands a RULES, ROLES, and RESPONSIBILITIES of team dynamic.

PROCESS: The mechanics of an intergroup communication, decision-making, and accountability are agreed upon and managed effectively.

  • Almost all teams lack one or more of these criteria at a some point in their tenure.
  • Team development strives to meet these criteria with the ongoing reflection and growth.
  • Like any form of a development, it takes time and dedication to be effective. In the other words, a team doesn’t develop from start to finish the overnight.
  • Regardless of the tools used for a team development, the process must be keep through long-term awareness.

Why is a Team Development important?

  • Maintaining an effective team is more like maintaining a garden; if left unattended, it loses its ability to the thrive.
  • Team development ensures that a team can thrive in long term.
  • Engaging team development benefits a team in a number of ways.
  • Individual members of team learn more about their personal potential, duties, and work dynamically within a team.
  • Conversely, team development acquaints every member with the talents and roles of other members.
  • This combination of internal and external reflection strengthens a communication, productivity, and well-being within the team.

What are 5 Stages of Team Development?

The Five Stages of a Team Development were developed by a psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965.

These five stages advance as team works together, but especially when team brings awareness to their dynamic.Tuckman’s Five Stages of a Team Development are as follows:

1.Forming:

During “forming” stage of team development, team members acquaint themselves with a basic aspects of their task.Forming stage discussion topics often includes the project goal, team member roles, basic ground rules, and designation of an authority. The forming stage is truly a in teamwork—productivity is low, but a team members are too newly acquainted to an encounter conflict.

2.Storming:

Of course, every phase ends be eventually.As a real work kicks in, the project may present both the technical and interpersonal challenges.Individual work habits, leadership decisions, or lapses in a communication can cause tension within team.Annoyance, frustration, and anxiety commonly arise in a response. This stage of team development is known as a storming.Storming is most complex and unproductive of the five stages of a development, but it is nevertheless vital to a team development process.When a team members are upset with themselves, task, or each other, they learn what causes most dysfunction.With this information, a team can begin aspiring to better team dynamic.

3.Norming:

The norming stage of a team development is the calm after a storm.In this stage of a team development, team members fall into the rhythm as a cohesive taskforce.The skills of each member are validated and also utilized to execute the necessary tasks.While conflict may still arise in this stage, it no longer spirals into the dysfunction.The team can handle the conflict and proceed with a project successfully.

4.Performing:

Some teams reach a stage of a development in which they thrive at their individual and also collective tasks.The skills of the each member are fully optimized, supervision is almost never needed, and members feels a strong sense of trust in one another. This stage of team development is called the performing. Reaching a performing stage is a main success and often precipitates some form of a team learning. Team learning is the behavioral process of seeking, gathering, discussing, and implementing methods of a team success.Whether through the training, group initiative, or innovative leadership, team learning is an action step that ensures healthy team development.

5.Adjourning:

The fifth stage of a group development is adjourning.Adjourning differs broadly from team to team.Some teams are adjourn with silence, some with celebration, and others with a sadness.Regardless of length or success of a project, each team deserves a hearty affirmation of its concerted efforts.The adjourning phase is the fantastic opportunity for leaders to encourage a long-term connections, reflect on growth of the team, and celebrate a project closing.

Team development stages

How can leaders initiate a team development?

Team learning is an often necessary to execute the healthy team development and providing a team with the tools they need to thrive is good for them and organization.These tools may include a team development discussions, training, or workshops.

Conclusion

There are four main stages of ta eam development – forming, storming, norming, and performing.Every stage has its own set of characteristics, but there may also be a overlap among the phases.

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